Bus Rapid Transit (BRT)
Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) is a bus-based public transport system which is designed to enhance capacities and reliability in comparison to a conventional bus system and which is also called a bus and transit system. BRT is aimed at combining the power, speed and versatility of a metro system with lower costs and simplicity.
Cities around the world are searching for sustainable means of transporting commuters easily, efficiently and securely. Another such way is bus speed (BRT), a high-speed bus system based in town, where busses run on alternative routes. In both the developed and developing countries, the BRT is already widely implemented.
New research shows that BRT will cut worldwide travel time for travelers by millions of hours. BRT passengers, for example, can save 28 days a year, switching from other modes of transport to BRT, in Istanbul, Turkey. Estimated savings of 73 million hours from 2007 to 2026 by commuters in Johannesburg, South Africa.
Recent studies suggest that BRT increases urban quality of life by saving travel time, reducing emissions of greenhouse gas & local air pollution, improving safety and physical activity.
Dedicated bus lanes separate BRT from mixed transport and enable them to pass through the city more quickly. Pay-in boarding and level platforms–reminiscent of a metro station and not the conventional bus stop, improving passenger boarding, and control of traffic signals prioritizing BRT bus services and increasing waiting times.
These characteristics have a significant impact in cities with BRT systems. BRT users save an average of 13 minutes on a regular ride in Johannesburg. Savings in Istanbul are even higher–the average time from Metro bus saves 52 minutes a day. Mexico City saves US$ 141 million in economic productivity recovered.
Cities across Latin America and the Caribbean switched towards fast-traffic networks from subways to Bus Rapid Transit Networks (BRTs), facing massive growth and paralyzing traffic. Government officials hope that new rapid transit will get people out of their cars, improve the environment and increase health and growth.
Nevertheless, it can be difficult to demonstrate the performance of these systems. The large number of stakeholders and their extremely complex connections will overwhelm existing measurement tools, making it extremely difficult to design and organize a metro or BRT.
Therefore, in a paper from the economist Nick Tsivanidis an innovative new way of measuring how mass transportation impacts cities can not arrive at the right moment. Generally, planners analyze new transport schemes to reduce travel times. Yet Tsivanidis introduces the concept of commuter market access (CMA), a metric that involves many economic benefits, to determine how modern transport affects access to places with jobs for the workers. He uses a similar method to assess how companies and their ability to access workers are affected.
The strategy of Tsivandis is to create a clear model to simultaneously determine how transport affects several aspects of a city’s economy: population mobility, employment and housing prices and to influence the behavior of various groups, including less and more skilled workers, property owners and companies. Most importantly it shows how a mass transit system with various data sources can increase the mobility of workers and in the process create a better combination of workers and companies that improves overall productivity.
Transmilenio, which opened in Bogotá in 2000 and currently offers a daily journey of 2,2 million to most cities in comparison to the New York City subway, is specifically investigated in a study of World Bank. The survey gives excellent news for cities like Transmilenio, with its stations and single bus lanes, which want to build BRTs. BRTs are much cheaper and faster to build than underground trains, their travel times are similarly lessened. They can lead to greater productivity and significant social benefits, including for less educated and more educated workers, for the population as a whole.
Transmilenio has been planned to converge in the central and northern central regions of the city, where the largest and most successful companies are based, like spokes around a wheel. Transmilenio The design was critically based on setting up feeder busses, which take commuters to locations beyond the end of the routes without extra charges, thereby addressing the problem that economists and planners call the “last mile problem.”
BRT delivers a boost to GDP
Even after the cost of building and running the new system, the new system increased the city’s GDP by 1.4% with 60 to 80% of these gains from people with more time for leisure and work and between 20 per cent and 40 per cent from better employment distribution.
Today there are over 200 BRTs, the majority of which have been built in Latin America and Asia over the past two decades. Two BRT systems are successfully operating in two cities of Pakistan. Travel cost and time has reduced to reach the destination. Capital Smart City Islamabad (CSCI), Pakistan has planned to install its own BRT system. CSCI’s BRT is financed entirely by private parties. Research shows that such structures can bring significant benefits for urban development, as well as for the health of employees as workers have greater access to high paying jobs. In addition, these benefits can be maximized if cities make sure that feeder buses carry staff to their final destinations beyond the end of the transit lines by eliminate housing limitations restricting rent and supply.